DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22516/25007440.84

Encefalopatía hepática mínima

Crhistian Gómez, Juan Carlos Restrepo

Resumen


La encefalopatía hepática mínima (EHM) es un síndrome neurocognitivo, potencialmente reversible, constituido por una serie de alteraciones neuropsicológicas en pacientes con hepatopatía aguda o crónica, sin evidencia de anormalidades neurológicas durante la exploración física. La EHM es responsable del déficit cognitivo y tiene un impacto negativo sobre la calidad de vida de los pacientes, esencialmente con diagnóstico de cirrosis. La imposibilidad para detectar de manera clínica las alteraciones neuropsicológicas, alienta al clínico para la utilización de pruebas psicométricas, las cuales constituyen la base del cribado y el diagnóstico. La EHM modifica el pronóstico de la enfermedad. La detección oportuna permite intervenir el riesgo de desarrollar encefalopatía hepática clínica (EH) en los pacientes con cirrosis, lo cual se ha relacionado con una menor supervivencia. 


Palabras clave


Encefalopatía; encefalopatía hepática mínima; cirrosis hepática

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Referencias


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